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Fairy Tales and Legends 1-st,knop.jpg - 4949 Bytes How Baikal was Created2-nd,knopka.jpg - 5582 Bytes How Olkhon was Created3-rd,knop.jpg - 5620 Bytes Settlement by the Buryats of the Small Sea4-th,knop.jpg - 5616 Bytes The Owner of Olkhon5-th,knop.jpg - 5810 Bytes About the Ancient Life of the Buryats 1-st,knop.jpg - 4949 Bytes The historical items of information 1-st,knop.jpg - 4949 Bytes Glossary

SETTLEMENT OF THE SMALL SEA BY THE BURYATS

Before the arrival of the Russians in Siberia, there lived many different peoples. But, as the old men earlier told, there were only such peoples as the Chudj and Barguties. They lived in this land for a long time, then left it. After them there lived the Tungusies. They lived here for hundreds of years and did not know other peoples on this land. 700-800 years ago the Buryats first began to move to Baikal. They settled along the fish-rich rivers, near the taiga, and near the steppes. Why they came from the west, from Altai, nobody knows. It is possible that they were forced from there, or maybe there was another reason, it is difficult to tell. But when the Buryats came to the Angara River, and settled the area between it and the Yenisei River, they liked these places, and they began to live there. They had heard that beyond the Yenisei, that the life was free in these places and new families moved there from year to year. This went on for hundreds of years, until all the land up to Lake Baikal and Olkhon Island was engaged by the Buryats. The Buryats began to live here (not that they lived in the west). The riches here must have appeared infinite, the grass for cattle grew higher than a horse, the sables and fibers were found near the yurtas, the fish could be caught by hand. The Buryats began to create fairy tales and to tell legends about these places. Stories about the riches of this territory were carried everywhere. The Buryats came here so often, that the yurtas began to grow lijke mushrooms on all the steppes, the herds began to be mixed up, herds of horses of different sorts were mixed. Animals were killed in the taiga, and fish were caught in the rivers. For 300-400 years, as the Buryats came here, the life became poorer. They began to search for new lands beyond Baikal. The Buryats found such lands, rich for cattle breeding, in Barguzin, Tunka, and in other places. But there were already people in this land. The Buryats encountered the Tungusies here. It was not pleasant to the Tungusies, that another people had come on to live in their land, but after a fight with the Buryats, they reconciled and began to live together: the Buryats were on the steppes, and the Tungusies were in the taiga. After the Buryats came here from the west, different groups of the Buryats began to move to the same places from Mongolia. They settled the Khorinsky Steppes and the middle ranges of the Selenga, Dzhida and Temnik Rivers. Many ancestors of the present Buryats settled here after the Russians had already put down roots here. That was 200-250 years ago. A lot of Buryats came to Tunka from Mongolia. They were remembered also by my grandfather, who served as a sentry at Mondy.

Before the arrival of the Russians in Siberia, there lived many different peoples. But, as the old men earlier told, there were only such peoples as the Chudj and Barguties. They lived in this land for a long time, then left it. After them there lived the Tungusies. They lived here for hundreds of years and did not know other peoples on this land. 700-800 years ago the Buryats first began to move to Baikal. They settled along the fish-rich rivers, near the taiga, and near the steppes. Why they came from the west, from Altai, nobody knows. It is possible that they were forced from there, or maybe there was another reason, it is difficult to tell. But when the Buryats came to the Angara River, and settled the area between it and the Yenisei River, they liked these places, and they began to live there. They had heard that beyond the Yenisei, that the life was free in these places and new families moved there from year to year. This went on for hundreds of years, until all the land up to Lake Baikal and Olkhon Island was engaged by the Buryats. The Buryats began to live here (not that they lived in the west). The riches here must have appeared infinite, the grass for cattle grew higher than a horse, the sables and fibers were found near the yurtas, the fish could be caught by hand. The Buryats began to create fairy tales and to tell legends about these places. Stories about the riches of this territory were carried everywhere. The Buryats came here so often, that the yurtas began to grow lijke mushrooms on all the steppes, the herds began to be mixed up, herds of horses of different sorts were mixed. Animals were killed in the taiga, and fish were caught in the rivers. For 300-400 years, as the Buryats came here, the life became poorer. They began to search for new lands beyond Baikal. The Buryats found such lands, rich for cattle breeding, in Barguzin, Tunka, and in other places. But there were already people in this land. The Buryats encountered the Tungusies here. It was not pleasant to the Tungusies, that another people had come on to live in their land, but after a fight with the Buryats, they reconciled and began to live together: the Buryats were on the steppes, and the Tungusies were in the taiga. After the Buryats came here from the west, different groups of the Buryats began to move to the same places from Mongolia. They settled the Khorinsky Steppes and the middle ranges of the Selenga, Dzhida and Temnik Rivers. Many ancestors of the present Buryats settled here after the Russians had already put down roots here. That was 200-250 years ago. A lot of Buryats came to Tunka from Mongolia. They were remembered also by my grandfather, who served as a sentry at Mondy.

" The Baikal legends and legends ", folklore slip by L.E. Eliasov

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